Avoiding Repetition

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For your speech to sound more fluent and natural, it’s a good idea to avoid repeating words. Have a look at two ways of accomplishing this:


Missing words out

A simple way to avoid repeating words is to omit them.

Q: Is your name Sandra Smith?

A: It is.
(… It is Sandra Smith)

Q: Are you the manager here?

A: I am.
(… I am the manager here)

You don’t necessarily have to use this method when answering questions, you can use it in full sentences too:

She asked me to quit smoking, but I already had.

Man U won the games, but no-one thought they would.

Is this for me? Oh! You shouldn’t have.

Be careful to consider the context of your answer before answering. You don’t simply repeat the auxiliary:

Don’t forget to lock the car.
(present simple : auxiliary = do)

I already have.
(present perfect : auxiliary = have)


Reduced infinitives

You can simply say the word to instead of the verb when the meaning is clear from the context.

A: Doesn’t your father drive?

B: No, he never learned to.

A: He should take his driving test.

B: Well, he doesn’t want to.