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Eight Vital Tenses

In this lesson we’re looking at eight important tenses in English.

Let’s have a look at the tenses that are vital to know. We’re also going to look at the different meanings of ‘s.

Have fun with the lesson, and don’t forget to try the quizzes.

– James.

Lesson Contents

The vital tenses

Learning these eight tenses is extremely important if you want to continue to improve your English. It’s a good idea to learn an example of a sentence, and the auxiliaries too.

  • The Present Simple (active)

do / does

I work in a bank.

  • The Present Simple (passive)

am / is / are

He is loved by many.

  • The Present Perfect Simple

have / has

She has seen this film.

  • The Past Simple (active)


We ate well last night.

  • The Past Simple (passive)

was / were

I was born in 1995.

  • The Present Continuous

am / is / are

I’m learning English.

  • The Present Perfect Continuous

have been / has been

We have been working hard.

  • The Past Continuous

was / were

I was looking for you.

The sentences in this quiz are missing their auxiliaries, choose the correct auxiliary to complete the sentences.

‘s can mean either HAS or IS depending on the context of the sentence. Easy rule:

‘s + adjective = is

‘s + verb+ing = is

‘s + been = has

‘s + past participle = has

The following sentences will contain ‘s, decide if it means HAS or IS by listening to the context.

All Quizzes