In this lesson we’re looking at forming sentences in English.

In this lesson we’re going to look at how to form any type of sentence using any tense. Just follow these basic rules, and you’re sure to get the form correct each time.

Have fun with the lesson, and don’t forget to try the quizzes.

– James.

Lesson Contents

The basic rule

1 = Subject. 2 = Auxiliary. 3 = Verb.

  • Affirmative sentences:

1 (2) 3

I have seen this film.

Present simple and past simple affirmative sentences do not need auxiliaries.

  • Negative sentences:

1 2 not 3

We won’t arrive on time.

  • Interrogative sentences:

2 1 3

Did you see that?

Put the words in their correct order to form affirmative, negative or interrogative sentences.

Forming Present Perfect Continuous Sentences

Some tenses, like the PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS, have two auxiliaries. Here is how we form sentences in this tense:

  • Affirmative sentences:

1 HAVE BEEN 3

She has been shopping.

  • Negative sentences:

1 HAVE not BEEN 3

They haven’t been working.

  • Interrogative sentences:

HAVE 1 BEEN 3

Has he been painting again?

Listen to the sentences and decide if they are correctly formed or not. Listen especially for the order of the words.

Read the sentences and complete them with a word.

All Quizzes