Welcome to your free +ING and +ED Clauses lesson! In this topic we talk about:
How we use +ING and +ED Clauses
A clause is a part of a sentence. Sometimes clauses begin with Verb+ING or Verb+ED:
Do you know he man working at that restaurant?
The money stolen in the robbery was never found.
Verb+ING clauses are used to say what someone (or something) is (or was) doing at a particular time:
Can you see the woman talking to Bob?
The workmen fixing the road have been there all day.
I was woken up by a dog barking.
You can also use Verb+ING clauses to talk about something that happens all the time, not just at a particular time:
The road going to town is closed for a while.
I have a lovely house overlooking the sea.
Verb+ED clauses use past participles. They have a passive meaning:
The woman accused of the crime was found to be innocent.
They read me a poem written by their friend.
You can use LEFT to mean STILL THERE or NOT USED in clauses like this:
We ate almost all the cake, but there’s still some left.
Other times we use Verb+ING and Verb+ED clauses
These clauses are often used after “there is”, “there was” etc:
There were some people dancing at the festival.
Is there anyone waiting to be seen?
There was a school bus parked on the side of the road.