In this lesson we’re looking at how to form and use +ING and +ED clauses.
These forms are very common in English, so be careful not to confuse these form with the Present Continuous or the Present Perfect. If you’ve already looked at our lessons about Relative Clauses, you won’t have much trouble with this lesson.
Have fun with the lesson, and don’t forget to try the quizzes by clicking on their links below
How we use +ING and +ED Clauses
A clause is a part of a sentence. Sometimes clauses begin with Verb+ING or Verb+ED:
Do you know he man working at that restaurant?
The money stolen in the robbery was never found.
Verb+ING clauses are used to say what someone (or something) is (or was) doing at a particular time:
Can you see the woman talking to Bob?
The workmen fixing the road have been there all day.
I was woken up by a dog barking.
You can also use Verb+ING clauses to talk about something that happens all the time, not just at a particular time:
The road going to town is closed for a while.
I have a lovely house overlooking the sea.
Verb+ED clauses use past participles. They have a passive meaning:
The woman accused of the crime was found to be innocent.
They read me a poem written by their friend.
You can use LEFT to mean STILL THERE or NOT USED in clauses like this:
We ate almost all the cake, but there's still some left.
Other times we use Verb+ING and Verb+ED clauses
VERB+ED and VERB+ING clauses are often used after “there is”, “there was” etc:
There were some people dancing at the festival. Is there anyone waiting to be seen? There was a school bus parked on the side of the road.