Comparatives 1

   

 
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General English
Grammar

Welcome to your Comparatives 1 lesson! In this topic we talk about:
• What are comparatives?
Forming comparatives
• Irregular comparative forms
Take the quizzes when you’re ready! If you’re having problems, use the comment box to contact our English Teachers.

What are comparatives?

Have a look at these examples:

We could have a burger or a salad for lunch. Salad is healthier but burgers are tastier.

Driving is faster than taking the bus.”

“Healthier”, “Tastier” and “Faster” are comparative adjectives.

Forming comparatives

For one-syllable words we add “+er”:

thin → thinner fast → faster dark → darker
large → larger big → bigger slow → slower

Notice that a word that already ends in “e” (like “large”) is turned into a comparative by adding just “+r”.

Also, one-syllable words that end in one vowel and one consonant‘ (like “big”, “thin” or “fat”) have their last consonant doubled before adding “+er”.

For two-syllable words that end in “y”, we take out the “y” and add “+ier”:

happy → happier pretty → prettier ugly → uglier
smelly → smellier nasty → nastier easy → easier

For words with two or more syllables that do not end in “y”, we add “more +”:

sensitive →
more sensitive
difficult →
more difficult
able →
more able
willing →
more willing
complicated →
more complicated
reliable →
more reliable

Sometimes you can use ‘+er’ or ‘more +’ with two-syllable words, but only with certain words:

clever narrow quiet shallow simple
  • This road is narrower/more narrow than the other.”
  • This quiz is simpler/more simple than the last one.”
  • Let’s go in here, it’s quieter/more quiet.”

Irregular comparative forms

Some adjectives and adverbs have irregular comparative forms:

Good/well → better:

Are you feeling better than yesterday?

You’re playing better than last year.

Bad/badly → worse:

My back is worse since you massaged it!

His results are worse than last year.

Far → further

It was a long hike, further than I expected!