“Verb+ing” (Gerunds)

   

 
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Welcome to your “Verb+ing” (Gerunds) lesson! In this topic we talk about:
• When do we use gerunds?
Phrasal verbs with gerunds
“Verb + object + gerund”
Expressing finished actions
Using “That” with gerunds
Take the quizzes when you’re ready! If you’re having problems, use the comment box to contact our English Teachers.

When do we use gerunds?

Gerunds are when we change a verb into a noun. Have a look at these examples:

“I enjoy cooking.”
(not “I enjoy cook.”)

“Would you mind putting it in the bin?”
(not “Would you mind put…”)

“She suggested going to the beach.”
(not “She suggested go…”)

Here are a list of verbs that are sometimes followed by a gerondif :

admit / avoid / consider / deny / enjoy / fancy / finish / imagine / mind / postpone / risk / stop / suggest

“Do you fancy going out tonight?”

“They denied stealing the car.”

“We’ll finish cleaning tonight.”

“He stopped working to write a book.”

“He has postponed moving house until July.”

The negative form is “not verb+ing”:

“I don’t fancy going out tonight.”

“He doesn’t enjoy dancing.”

Phrasal verbs with gerunds

“Verb+ing” is also used after these phrasal verbs:

Give up (stop)
Put off (postpone)
Go on / Carry on (continue)
Keep on (do something repeatedly)

Have a look at a few examples:

“She’s given up smoking.”

“We’ve put off having the wedding until July.”

“We’ll carry on working until 5pm.”

“They keep on annoying each other.”

“Verb + object + gerund”

Have a look at these examples:

“I can’t imagine you climbing that mountain!”

“They can’t stop us parking here!”

“Sorry to keep you waiting so long.”

Expressing finished actions

To express finished actions, we can use “having + past participle”:

“They admitted having stolen the car.”

“I regret having done that.”

You can also replace “having + past participle” with “verb+ing”:

“They admitted stealing the car.”

“I regret doing that.”

Using “That” with gerunds

When we use “that” in a sentence instead of a gerund, we have to form the sentence like this:

“They denied that they had stolen the car.”
or
“They denied stealing the car.”

“She suggested that we go out tonight.”
or
“She suggested going out tonight.”