+ING and +ED Clauses

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Welcome to your +ING and +ED Clauses lesson! In this topic we talk about:

• How do we use +ING and +ED Clauses?

Verb+ING clauses

Verb+ED clauses

Other times we use Verb+ING and Verb+ED clauses

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How do we use +ING and +ED Clauses?

A clause is a part of a sentence. Sometimes clauses begin with Verb+ING or Verb+ED:

Do you know he man working at that restaurant?

The money stolen in the robbery was never found.

Verb+ING clauses

Verb+ING clauses are used to say what someone (or something) is (or was) doing at a particular time:

Can you see the woman talking to Bob?

The workmen fixing the road have been there all day.

I was woken up by a dog barking.

You can also use Verb+ING clauses to talk about something that happens all the time, not just at a particular time:

The road going to town is closed for a while.

I have a lovely house overlooking the sea.

Verb+ED clauses

Verb+ED clauses use past participles. They have a passive meaning:

The woman accused of the crime was found to be innocent.

They read me a poem written by their friend.

You can use LEFT to mean STILL THERE or NOT USED in clauses like this:

We ate almost all the cake, but there’s still some left.

Other times we use Verb+ING and Verb+ED clauses

These clauses are often used after “there is”, “there was” etc:

There were some people dancing at the festival.

Is there anyone waiting to be seen?

There was a school bus parked on the side of the road.

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