“ing” and “ed” Clauses

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Welcome to your “ing” and “ed” Clauses lesson! In this topic we talk about:
• What are these?
“Verb+ing” clauses
“Verb+ed” clauses
Other times we use “verb+ing” and “verb+ed” clauses
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What are these?

A clause is a part of a sentence. Sometimes clauses begin with “verb+ing” or “verb+ed”:

Do you know he man working at that restaurant?

The money stolen in the robbery was never found.”

“Verb+ing” clauses

Verb+ing clauses are used to say what someone (or something) is (or was) doing at a particular time:

Can you see the woman talking to Bob?

The workmen fixing the road have been there all day.

I was woken up by a dog barking.”

You can also use verb+ing clauses to talk about something that happens al the time, not just at a particular time:

The road going to town is closed for a while.”

I have a lovely house overlooking the sea.”

“Verb+ed” clauses

Verb+ed clauses use past participles. They have a passive meaning:

The woman accused of the crime was found to be innocent.”

They read me a poem written by their friend.”

You can use “left” to mean “still there” or “not used” in clauses like this:

We ate almost all the cake, but there’s still some left.”

Other times we use “verb+ing” and “verb+ed” clauses

These clauses are often used after “there is”, “there was” etc:

There were some people dancing at the festival.”

Is there anyone waiting to be seen?

There was a school bus parked on the side of the road.”

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