Adjectives ending in “ing” and “ed”

   

 
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General English
Grammar

Welcome to your Adjectives Ending in “ing” and “ed” lesson! In this topic we talk about:
• Using “+ing” and “+ed”
Comparing “+ing” and “+ed”
Take the quizzes when you’re ready! If you’re having problems, use the comment box to contact our English Teachers.

Using “+ing” and “+ed”

Many adjectives can end in either “+ing” or +”ed”, for example, “boring” and “bored”. Have a look at this example:

Marcus has been doing the same job for ten years. Every day he does exactly the same thing. He doesn’t like his job any more and would like to change jobs:

“Marcus’ job is so boring.”

“Marcus is bored with his job.”

If something (or someone else) is boring, it makes you bored.

Comparing “+ing” and “+ed”

Have a look at these pairs of sentences:

Adjectives ending in “+ing” tell you about the job. Adjectives ending in “+ed” tell you how someone feels about the job.

“My job is boring.”

“I’m bored with my job.”

“My job is interesting.”

“I’m not interested in my job any more.”

“My job is tiring.”

“I get really tired doing my job.”

“My job is depressing.”

 “My job is making me depressed.”

Compare these other examples:

  • Shock:

“The news was shocking.”

“I was shocked when I heard the news.”

  • Interest:

“I think football is interesting.”

“I am interested by football.”

  • Disappoint:

“The firework display was disappointing.”

“We were disappointed by the pathetic firework display.”

  • Surprise:

“It was surprising that she passed her driving test.”

“I was surprised that she passed her driving test.”